PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT

A.   Geographical Location

The Municipality of Sagada, Mountain Province is located in the northwestern portion of Mountain Province at 17° 05’ N and 120° 54’ E. It is politically bounded on the North by the Municipality of Tubo, Abra on the East by the Municipality of Bontoc, on the South by the Municipality of Sabangan, and on the West by the Municipalities of Bauko and Besao.

 

It is accessible by road either through the Halsema Highway (also called the Mountain Trail) from Baguio City or the National Highway passing through Banawe, Ifugao. It is approximately 157 kilometers from Bontoc.

 

B.   Barangay Subdivision

 

Sagada has a total land area of 9,969 hectares (MPDO, 2007) which is higher than the mapped domain area of 8,698 hectares in 1997 (ADMP, 2004).

 

The biggest barangay is Aguid which covers almost 2,717.68 hectares or 27% of the total land area. It covers the Amsulong watershed of the municipality. Barangay Pide, on the other hand, is the smallest barangay in Sagada which only covers 87.93 hectares or 0.88% of the whole municipality.

 

The land area is distributed to the following land uses:

LAND USE

AREA (in hectare)

%

Built-up Areas

530.26

5.32

Tourism

50

0.5

Alienable & Disposable

202.84

2.03

Protection Forest

4,506.06

45.20

Non-Nipas

3,200.86

32.11

Severe Erosion

1,458.43

14.63

River

20.55

0.21

TOTAL

9,969

100

 

 

 

 

POPULATION, HOUSEHOLD AND FAMILY NUMBER PER BARANGAY

CY2016

Actual Population By Barangays, Sex, Households and Families

BARANGAY

NSO POPULATION

ACTUAL POPULATION

HOUSEHOLDS

(ACTUAL)

FAMILIES

(ACTUAL)

 

 

MALE

FEMALE

TOTAL

 

 

 

MALE

FEMALE

TOTAL

NO.

%

NO.

%

NO.

%

160

172

AGUID

 

 

612

355

 

316

 

671

 

217

223

AMBASING

 

 

817

402

 

397

 

799

 

205

238

ANKILENG

 

 

1020

484

 

494

 

978

 

82

84

ANTADAO

 

 

369

179

 

163

 

342

 

173

210

BALUGAN

 

 

834

481

 

431

 

912

 

197

221

BANGA-AN

 

 

722

521

 

457

 

978

 

185

219

DAGDAG

 

 

835

426

 

430

 

856

 

179

204

DEMANG

 

 

778

368

 

386

 

754

 

103

112

FIDELISAN

 

 

474

222

 

231

 

453

 

96

102

KILONG

 

 

403

235

 

215

 

450

 

132

155

MADONGO

 

 

498

307

 

299

 

606

 

52

61

NACAGANG

 

 

1577

132

 

115

 

247

 

403

490

PATAY

 

 

372

672

 

735

 

1407

 

116

124

PIDE

 

 

261

243

 

212

 

455

 

104

116

SUYO

 

 

405

237

 

223

 

460

 

79

98

TACCONG

 

 

323

177

 

166

 

343

 

89

97

TANULONG

 

 

413

220

 

198

 

418

 

91

135

T. NORTE

 

 

407

198

 

184

 

382

 

94

109

T. SUR

 

 

419

244

 

216

 

460

 

96

110

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL

 

 

11540

6103

50.98

5868

49.08

11971

100

2853

3280

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                         

 

 

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

 

A.   Topography

 

Sagada, like the other municipalities situated in CAR, has a mountainous terrain. It has a gentle to very steep slopes with many portions of gradually sloping valleys in the west-central and northeastern areas. Elevation ranges from 910 meters above sea level on Mount Kaman-engel.

 

B.   Soil

 

Sagada, Mountain Province has 5 soil type classification that are prominent in the area, namely: (1) Undifferentiated Mountain Soil, (2) Sagada Clay Loam, (3) Sabangan Clay Loam, (4) Natonin Loam, and (5) Rough Mountain Loam (Municipal Agriculture Office (MAO), 2005).

 

C.   Slope Stability

 

Ground subsidence and unstable ground hazards were identified in some portions of Barangays Ankileng and Poblacion particularly in settlement areas. The municipality is also prone to other geologic hazards because of the presence of a fault line on its southeastern side, which traverses from Apayao to Otucan, Bauko.

 

D.  Climate

 

Sagada has a Type I climate based on the Philippine Atmospheric Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) Coronas Climate Classification System. Type I climates have two pronounced seasons: wet and dry. The dry season is from November to April while the wet season is from May to October.

 

Sagada generally experiences a cool climate because of its relative high elevation. The cold weather is experienced from December until February, which are the coldest months. The Northern Area of the municipality has a relatively colder climate because it has the highest elevation in the area.

 

E.   Geology

 

 

Sagada is distinct for its limestone formations and underground rivers. The dominant types of minerals found in Sagada are sand, gravel and boulder aggregate, gold, calcium and limestone. (MAO, 2005)

 

NATURAL AND CULTURAL RESOURCES

 

A.   Water

 

Water is a basic resource for Sagada. It is used for domestic consumption in the households and for economic activities such as rice and vegetable production, livestock grazing, and also for the local tourism industry. Water sources or springs for domestic and irrigation supplies are spread out in Sagada.

 

Springs, creeks, and rivers are being tapped for household use and irrigation purposes. The rivers do not only provide and convey water for irrigation but they are also sources of edible freshwater products like eel, mudfish, and crabs. Rivers are also sources of aggregates for local infrastructure projects. In addition, river stones are used in the rehabilitation and maintenance of stonewalls in the municipality.

 

Sagada is a tributary of the Chico River. There are two major river systems in Sagada: (1) a major river system which starts from the northern area of the municipality and runs through the Bomod-ok Falls and passes through the eastern area. The Mabileng Irrigation, the largest irrigation system in Northern Sagada is sourced from Bomod-ok and irrigates the payeos in Aguid, Pide, Fidelisan and Tanulong; (2) a major river system which starts from Bangaan then traverses the westcentral barangays through the southern area and eventually connects to the Chico River at the junction in Malitep. It is the main source for irrigation and domestic water supply for the west-central and southern barangays. Both rivers drain into the Chico River. (Ancestral Domain Management Plan (ADMP), 2004).

 

Along the municipality’s tributaries, there are also spectacular waterfalls such as Bokong falls, Bomod-ok falls, Bomayeng twin falls, Mabileng falls, and Pongas falls. The municipality is also home to remarkable caves namely: Natividad cave, Latipan cave, Crystal cave, Billiing cave, Balangagan cave, and the Sumaging Cave, which is the largest.

 

B.   Forest Resources

 

Sagada’s forestland is rich with resources: these include the wood lots, herbal medicines, mushrooms, wild fruits, and the mountain tea. The forests in Sagada are classified into three types: (1) Mossy Forest, (2) Pine Forest, and (3) Other Wooded Forest. The mossy forest has a mixed vegetation of various tree and plant species, that mostly grow in high elevation areas. On the other hand, the pine forests are dominated by the Benguet pine species.

Unlike the kallasan that are naturally growing, many of the pine forests near the settlement areas today are the result of the sacrifice and deliberate effort of the ancestors of the people to plant and propagate the pine on mountain slopes near their villages in the early 1900s. The effort of their ancestors to plant pine trees in their surroundings has produced the present timber for housing and fuel needs. (FLUP, 2014)

 

C.   Mineral Resources

 

Part of Sagada’s forestlands are also rich in gold, such that one of the livelihoods of the people on the northern areas is mining. Aside from gold, numerous resources can be found in the municipality including pyrite, copper, stalagmites, stalactites, and limestone. Dominant mineral types in the municipality also include sand, gravel and boulder aggregate, and calcium.

D.  Cultural Resources

 

Most of the lands in Sagada are declared as ancestral domain, which are covered by the Certificate of Ancestral Domain Claims (CADCs). Some of the cultural resources the municipality takes pride on include rock and limestone formations. The cultural assets also include sacred areas which cover their spiritual and burial grounds. Sagada is known for its burial caves and hanging coffins, Patpatayan and Babawiyan.